Wet Paddy (Long Term)


Wet Paddy (Long Term)

1. Recommended varieties

Variety name Potential Yield t/ha
Serendah Kuning
Acheh 62

2. Land preparation

One of the important factors that influence the grain yield of rice is land preparation. It provides good physical, chemical and biological conditions of the soil that will permit optimum crop growth. Two rounds of rotovation is necessary.

3. Transplanting

Seedlings are first grown in seedbeds before they are planted in the field.

4. Seed Rate

Seed rate 25 kg / ha:
Mix liquid oxygen at the rate 1:100 of water. Soak seeds in liquid oxygen to improve germination for 24 hours before sowing. 300 ml per hectare. (Cost RM 5.00/ha)

5. Fertilizer application

The West Malaysia recommended rate is NPK at ratio of [80-90]:[40]:[30] kg/ha

Straight fertilizer conversion:

Urea (46%N):CIRP (36% P2O5) : MOP(60% K2O) at ratio of [4 bags (50 kg.)]:[2 bags (50 kg.)] : [1 bag (50 kg.)]

Split fertilizer applications as follow:

1st application ( 1/3 ) : 20 - 25 days after seeding
2nd application ( 1/3 ) : 45 - 55 days after seeding
3rd application ( 1/3 ) : 65 - 75 days after seeding
RM. 400.00

6. Water management

Depend on rain for irrigation. Fields must be bunded to retain water.

7. Weed management

Spray with 2,4-D Dimenthyalamine at 100 ml/18 lit. Rate per ha is 2.5 lit. Cost RM. 30/ha

8. Harvesting

A rice crop is ready for harvest when 85% of the grains are straw coloured.

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Source: Agriculture Research Center, Semongok