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Last Update: 24 Jun 2018
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Department of Agriculture Sarawak, 7 & 12-17th Floor, Menara Pelita,
Jln. Tun Abdul Rahman Yakub, Petra Jaya, 93050 Kuching, Sarawak
Tel. No.: 082-441000   Fax No.: 082-447821
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For more enquiries, please contact us:

Address :

Department of Agriculture Sarawak, 7th, 12-14, 16-17th Floor, Menara Pelita, Jln. Tun Abdul Rahman Yakub, Petra Jaya, 93050 Kuching, Sarawak

Tel. No.:  082-441000  
Fax No.:  082-447639 (Director Office), 
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Indigenous DuriansIndigenous Durians
Indigenous Durians for Commercial Exploitation


Durian Kuning (Durio graveolens Becc)

Durian kuning is found scattered in the lowland to undulating land throughout Sarawak in mixed dipterocarp forest tree often reaching a height of 40 m. This fruit is cultivated in the Limbang Division where it is held in high esteem.

Flowers are white in colour and mainly borne in big clusters.

Picture

Flowers of Durian Kuning

Picture

Durian Kuning

Fruits are globose with sizes ranging from mainly small (400 g) to big (over 1500 g) and covered with long sharp spines. Skin colour varies from greenish yellow to deep yellow. The aril is most striking in colour, texture, fragrance and taste. The colours range from yellow to crimson red with all hues of orange in between. The texture is very fine, soft, slightly dry, fairly sweet with its characteristic almond flavoured aroma.

Recommended Durian Kuning Clones:

Clones
Fruit Shape
Fruit Size
(kg)
Skin Colour
Flesh Colour
Texture / Taste
Editable Portion (%)
DG 5 Round
1.1
(0.7-1.9)
Green Orangy yellow Fine, soft and sticky,
Taste sweet with fragrant smell
16.0
DG 25 Oval-shaped
1.25
Greenish yellow Orangy yellow Fine, soft and sticky.
Taste sweet
24.0
SULUK 2 Round
0.96
(0.8-1.5)
Yellowish green Orangy yellow Soft, dry and sticky.
Tastet sweet with good flavour
17.8
SULUK 3 Oval-shaped
0.9
0.7-1.1)
Light yellow Orangy yellow Fine, dry and sticky.
Taste sweet with good fragrance.
20.4

 

Durian Nyekak (Durio kutejensis Becc)

Nyekak trees are mainly found growing wild in mixed dipterocarp forest in Central and Nothern Sarawak. They are also cultivated in these regions. The tree is small to medium in size with low branching habit growing to a height of 12 - 20 m.

The flower clusters are bright crimson in colour.

Picture

Flowers of Durian Nyekak

Picture

Durian Nyekak

 

Fruit is generally round or avoid, covered with short and blunt spines. Fruits are mostly small ranging from about 200 g to slightly over 1000 g. They are light green when immature, ripening to a golden yellow colour. The aril colour ranges from light yellow to deep orange. Aril quality is variable and selected clones have sweet taste with fragrance, soft, very fine and smooth texture.

Recommended Durian Nyekak Clones:

Clones
Fruit Shape
Fruit Size
(kg)
Skin Colour
Flesh Colour
Texture / Taste
Editable Portion (%)
DK 5 Round
0.72
(0.45-0.83)
Yellow Orangy yellow Fine, soft and sticky,
Taste sweet with fragrant
24.7
DK 6 Round
0.76
(0.57-0.92)
Yellow Yellow Medium soft and dry with sweet taste and fragrance.
28.0
DK 8 Oval-shaped
0.82
(0.58-1.2)
Yellow Yellow Medium soft and dry. Taste sweet with good flavour
21.0

 

 

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Contribution: Lau Cheng Yuon, Senior Research Officer,Indigenous Durians for Commercial Exploitation, Department of Agriculture)