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Last Update: 20 Oct 2018
Version 8.1.2

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For more enquiries, please contact us:
Address :
Department of Agriculture Sarawak, 7 & 12-17th Floor, Menara Pelita,
Jln. Tun Abdul Rahman Yakub, Petra Jaya, 93050 Kuching, Sarawak
Tel. No.: 082-441000   Fax No.: 082-447821
Email :
 

For more enquiries, please contact us:

Address :

Department of Agriculture Sarawak, 7th, 12-14, 16-17th Floor, Menara Pelita, Jln. Tun Abdul Rahman Yakub, Petra Jaya, 93050 Kuching, Sarawak

Tel. No.:  082-441000  
Fax No.:  082-447639 (Director Office), 
                 082-446039 (Human Resource)

Email : 

 

ChilliChilli

 Picture

PLANTING

Field Preparation

1. Field

  • Plough and loosen the soil to 15 - 22 cm deep.
  • Prepare the beds with 1.2 m (4 ft) in width, 22-30 cm in height. The lenght of the beds is depends on the area condition.
  • Between the beds - 45 cm.
  • Mixed 25 kg treated chicken dung for 50 m square area

2. Pot planting

  • Mixed soil: 3:1:1 (soil:chicken dung/compost:sand)
  • Put the mixed soil in the pot up to 5 cm from the surface

Preparing plant

1.Field

  • Prepare nursery box 45 cm x 22 cm x 10 cm.
  • Put mixed soil (3:1:1) in the nursery box
  • Plant 5 g seeds in the box in row and cover the seeds with a very thin soil layer
  • Planting distance - 5 cm x 2 cm
  • Water the plant twice a day
  • Avoid direct sun and over rain
  • Transplanting after 3-4 weeks planting
  • Expose the plant to the sun for 3-4 days before transplanting

Planting

1. Field

  • Transplanting after 6 weeks planting
  • Wet the nursery box before pull out the plant.
  • Planting distance - 90 cm x 150 cm

2. Pot planting

  • Sow directly 3-4 seeds in a pot in 2-5 cm deep. Leave 1 plant each pot after 2 weeks planting.

MAINTENANCE

Mulching

1. Field

  • Use dried grass or coconut frond.

2. Pot planting

  • Use dried grass.

Weeding

  • Weeding commonly done manually using hoe, weed cutter and hand (in the pot).


PEST AND DISEASE CONTROL

Pest / Disease   Control
Leaf spot Benomyl
Fruit Antractnos Spray with mancozeb
Aphid Spray with chlorphyrifos or Imidachloprid
Red mite Spray with dicofol or malathion
Leaf mosaiz (a)Control aphid
(b) Destroy affected plant
Wilt bacteria Destroy affected plant and ensure well drainage.


HARVESTING

1. Field

  • Harvest after 8 weeks transplanting to the field.
  • Harvest in 3-4 days
  • Estimated yield from 50 m square area is 100 - 200 kg.
(a) Green chilli
Price - RM5 - RM8
Gross income - RM400 - RM1200


(b)

Red chilli
Price - RM5 - RM8
Gross income - RM500 - RM1600

2. Pot planting

  • Harvesting can be done after 12 weeks planting. Estimated yield is 0.8 to 15 kg per pot.


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Source: Panduan Menanam Cili, Jabatan Pertanian Semenanjung Malaysia